The universal weapon of the Clansmen was the claymore (Gaelic, claidheamh
mor, meaning big sword)
. Originally a claymore was an enormous double-handed
sword often well over five foot in length. It was largly discarded at the
end of the seventeenth century in favour of the basket-hilted sword.
Extracted from The Life and Adventures of Prince
Charles Edward Stuart, by W. Drummond Norrie, published 1900, page 47.
The claymore because of its length was carried on the back of the clansman
with the hilt about head height. The weapon was lethal in the hands of an
expert swordsman e.g. Rob Roy McGregor, who could easily decapitate two of
the enemy with a left and right sweep of the weapon. The claymore was used
extensively during the '15 Uprising but by 1745 it was considered too heavy